Substance Misuse and Substance use Disorders: Why do they Matter in Healthcare? PMC

Addiction can result from a variety of factors and catalysts, including genetic predisposition, circumstances, environment, trauma and mental health disorders. In fact, many addictions spring from legitimate prescription drug use or casual use of legal substances like alcohol. Many college students join Greek life to meet new people and find a place where they alcohol vs drugs belong. However, alcohol and drug abuse can be a significant aspect of fitting into the culture of Greek life on college campuses. A recent study found that men and women living in fraternity and sorority houses have higher binge drinking and marijuana use rates. Former Greek life members were also more likely to develop alcohol-use disorder by the age of 35.

The estimate of SMI among young adults in 2016 was higher than the estimates in all years between 2008 and 2015. The 2016 percentage of young adults with AMI excluding SMI was higher than the percentages in most years between 2008 and 2013, but it was similar to the percentages in 2014 and 2015. With the addition of questions about methamphetamine use in 2015 that were separate from questions about the misuse of prescription stimulants, questions also were added in 2015 about SUD symptoms that respondents attributed specifically to their use of methamphetamine. Consequently, estimates for methamphetamine use disorder are available for 2015 and 2016 but are not available prior to 2015. Also, methamphetamine use disorder does not include stimulant use disorder, which is measured and reported separately. Less than 0.1 percent of adolescents aged 12 to 17 in 2016 had a heroin use disorder in the past year (Figure 39), which corresponds to about 1,000 adolescents.

Mental Health Service Use among Adults

This number of young adults with an alcohol use disorder represents 10.7 percent of young adults (Figure 35). The percentage of young adults with an alcohol use disorder in 2016 was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2014, but it was similar to the percentage in 2015. An estimated 488,000 adolescents aged 12 to 17 in 2016 had a past year alcohol use disorder, or 2.0 percent of adolescents (Figure 35). The percentage of adolescents with an alcohol use disorder in 2016 was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2015. Although the percentages of adolescents with an alcohol use disorder in 2002 to 2010 were relatively low (ranging from 4.6 to 6.0 percent), the percentage of adolescents in 2016 with an alcohol use disorder was roughly a third to half of these percentages in 2002 to 2010. There were 228,000 people who misused prescription fentanyl products in 2016, representing 0.1 percent of the population (Figure 32).

Even after formal treatment ends, many people seek additional support through continued involvement in such groups. Psychologists who are trained and experienced in treating alcohol problems can be helpful in many ways. Before the drinker seeks assistance, a psychologist can guide the family or others in helping to increase the drinker’s motivation to change. While it seems to offer the option of doing something “constructive” without the possibility of painful repercussions, it fails to address the issue at hand. Both casual users and dope fiends live in denial of how deeply rooted their problems really are.

Statistics On Methamphetamine Addiction And Abuse

Drug and alcohol use can be seen as a way to calm nerves and loosen up but can lead to substance abuse. According to research published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), individuals with anxiety are at an increased risk of developing a substance use disorder. Symptoms related to mental health problems can also be worsened or trigger new symptoms with the use of drugs and alcohol. And when combined with medications like anti-anxiety pills, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers, drug and alcohol use can make symptoms more difficult to manage. Individual factors include age, gender, family circumstances and socio-economic status. Although there is no single risk factor that is dominant, the more vulnerabilities a person has, the more likely the person is to develop alcohol-related problems as a result of alcohol consumption.

Percentages for the receipt of specific types of services do not sum to the total percentage who received any type of service due to rounding. Questions measuring adolescents’ impairment in carrying out life activities because of MDE were added to the survey in 2006. Estimates presented in this report have been weighted to reflect characteristics of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged 12 or older in the United States. The calculation of NSDUH weights for analysis includes a step that yields weights that are consistent with population totals obtained from the U.S. 3 Adults with AMI were defined as having any mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder in the past year that met DSM-IV criteria (excluding developmental disorders and SUDs).

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